Skincare Pyramid

The Ultimate Guide to SKINCARE PYRAMID

The Ultimate Guide to SKINCARE PYRAMID

Original Author: Fira Syafiqah

What is Skincare Pyramid?

Are you wondering what skincare pyramid really is? It’s almost similar to the food pyramid where the highest energy of food is found at the bottom but this skincare pyramid shows steps you can take to take care of your skin. This skincare pyramid features DAILY, WEEKLY and MONTHLY skincare routine to help prevent aging, keep your skin healthy and hydrated while maintaining these result by seeking for professional treatments. This will save your money in the long run!

Follow this skincare routine to make sure you are not overdoing or ignoring your skin needs from time to time. Are you ready to improve your skin care regimen?



Cleansing your face is an important step in your skincare routine. The main function of cleanser is to remove dirt, oil and impurities from sitting on the skin’s surface and clogging your pores.

Here are the 7 benefits of using cleanser:

  • Help with moisture and pH balance
  • Promote absorption of skincare products
  • Promote blood circulation
  • Remove irritants and boost skin health
  • Help unclog oil and dirt
  • Gently remove dead skin cells (Exfoliating cleanser)

Facial cleanser has this one ingredient called SURFACTANT that helps oil substances to dissolve in water. The non-polar tails of surfactant molecule will adhere to dirt on the skin, forming micelles. Polar groups are soluble in water and help lift dirt away from the skin.

There are 3 main types of cleanser

Water-based cleanser contains mix of surfactants in water. Example of WBC are foam/gel/cream cleanser, micellar water

Oil-Based Cleanser contains oil/wax/fatty alcohol with emulsifier. Examples of OBC are cleansing balm and cleansing oil

Soap Cleanser contains fat/oil + alkaline ingredient (sodium hydroxide) = strong surfactant. Examples include bar soap

To see examples of cleanser recommendations according to skin type, click the link below:

Oil-based cleanser:

Water-based cleanser:


Since serum is made up of smaller molecules and higher concentration of active ingredients to target specific skin concern, choosing the right serum based on your skin concern is very important.


  • Retinoid
  • Antioxidant e.g: Vitamin C, Vitamin B3 and Vitamin E
  • AHA

Hyperpigmentation/Dark spots

  • Alpha Arbutin/Arbutin
  • Azelaic Acid
  • Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)
  • Niacinamide

Sensitive skin

  • Niacinamide
  • PHA
  • Ceramide

Barrier repair

  • Hyaluronic Acid
  • Glycerin
  • Niacinamide
  • Ceramide

Reference: Instagram

For beginner in serum, you can try our

  • BRIGHTENING AND HYDRATING FACIAL SERUM with 2% Hyaluronic Acid, 0.5% Arbutin and 0.2% Ascorbyl Glucoside (Vitamin C). SHOP HERE
  • REPAIRING AND SOOTHING FACIAL SERUM with 1.3% Niacinamide, 1.2% Centella Asiatica extract and 1% Rosehip Oil. SHOP HERE


MOISTURIZER is not only important to lock the hydration that you get from your face mist, toner, essence or serum, it also helps a lot in replacing lipid that was mistakenly removed during cleansing.

4 Benefits of Moisturizers:

1. Prevent Dryness

High temperature and use of air conditioner may cause more transepidermal water loss (TEWL). Using moisturizer will help your skin to retain water.

2. Slow Down Aging Signs

Moisturizer helps to smoothen skin texture due to the emollient presence and prevent flakiness and dullness. It helps diminishing fine lines and minimising pores by providing hydration.

3. Support Skin Barrier

The outermost layer of the skin helps to protect skin from irritants such as bacteria and UV rays. Severe dry skin can lead to dehydrated which will open a way for bacteria to enter. A good moisturizer will help to minimise water loss and prevent irritants from entering.

4. Soothe Skin

Inflammatory skin conditions especially sensitive skin may benefit from moisturizers as some moisturizers contain shea butter, colloidal oatmeal and licorice root extract to soothe sensitive skin.

3 important features in a good moisturiser:

The moisturizer that may be the best for your skin during hot scorching sun may need to be replaced with a heavier one during cold temperature.



Tips for sunscreen choice:

  • At least SPF 30
  • Broad spectrum protection
  • Water resistant


Physical sunscreenChemical sunscreen
scatter and reflect a really small amount – around 10% of incoming UVAbsorb UV and turn it into heat


Usually thicker and whiter, easy to see where they have been applied, ensuring areas are covered and generally less irritating for sensitive skin than certain chemical filter.


Chemical sunscreens are usually lightweight, non-sticky feel that is ideal for daily wear. 


Often heavier and thicker on the skin than a chemical sunscreen with the same SPF. They tend to leave a white cast over the skin, causing darker skin to appear weird.


Some chemical UV filters can irritate those with acne-prone and sensitive skin.



Source: instagram @sciencebecomesher

Chemical exfoliant is better than physical exfoliant in terms of 

  • Decreasing the appearance of large pores and wrinkles⠀
  • Even out skin tone
  • Improve skin texture⠀
  • Remove dead skin cells⠀
  • Deep cleanse pore
  • Treat dull skin

Face Mask

sheet mask is a concentrated serum or essence. It’s usually infused with hydrating and active ingredients. The concept of the sheet is to prevent water and serum from evaporating into the air and stay longer on the skin.⠀

On the other hand, clay mask is for oily skin that assists in absorbing excess sebum, deep cleanse pore and remove dead skin cells. Clay mask can be mixed with plain water or other watery skincare.

Source: instagram @babeandbeauty



These treatment are done to improve the skin’s appearance where a chemical solution is applied to the skin which makes it blister and eventually peel off. The new skin is revealed to besmoother and less wrinkled than the old skin.

It helps to:

  • Reduce fine lines under the eyes and mouth
  • Treat wrinkles from sun damage and aging
  • Improve the appearance of mild scars
  • Treat certain types of acne
  • Improve the look and feel of skin



A facial is essentially a multi-step skin treatment that is one of the best ways to take care of your skin. A facial treatment includes cleansing, exfoliating, and nourishing the skin, promoting a clear, well-hydrated complexion and can help your skin to appear younger



Microdermabrasion is an in-office procedure that usually takes about one hour and usually performed by a licensed skincare professional. It is an exfoliating technique that uses a rotating instrument to remove the outer layers of skin.

It’s not necessary to use anesthesia or a numbing agent for microdermabrasion.


Taking care of your skin is an INVESTMENT. If you cannot afford to purchase high-end products, just go for drugstore product and buy within your budget. Remember, a good product for your skin doesn’t necessarily needs to be expensive to be effective on your skin. 

Buy a skincare and trust the process. You will see the result soon. 

Thank you for reading.


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